The UK 405-Line Television Network

 

List of BBC and ITA/IBA transmitters



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Printable Transmitter Summary

 

BBC & ITA/IBA Transmitter lists

This graphic (click on the thumbnail to see it full-size - 250KB, A4 at 150dpi) is a paste-up from three booklets. The BBC transmitter list comes from BBC Television and Radio Stations 1981. The ITV transmitter list comes from the IBA Pocket Guide to Transmitting Stations, June 1980. The maps and frequency information are taken from BBC & ITA Television Transmitters, second edition, published by Belling-Lee Aerials Limited in 1967.

All the transmitters listed were opened between around 1950 and around 1970. They were closed between January 1982 and January 1985 when the 405-line service was withdrawn. Fifteen of the BBC sites and four of the ITA/IBA sites (identified in the lists below) only ever radiated 405-line television transmissions and have not been re-used for broadcasting services since.

The transmitter lists represent the state of the networks after completion. The transmitters in the first batch that were due to close in the year 1982 are indicated in the tables in the printable document. The lists below also include a National Grid Reference for each site.


| Printable list | BBC 405-line Transmitter Summary | ITA/IBA 405-line Transmitter Summary |

1981 Transmitter lists

 

A brief summary of all the BBC and ITA/IBA 405-line transmitters

BBC Services:

BBC-owned sites are shown in italic type
ITA/IBA-owned sites are shown in roman type

Source: BBC Television and Radio Stations 1981

Channels B1-B5 are in Band I (41-68MHz).
Channels B6-B13 are in Band III (174-216MHz).
Details on the Radio Channels page.

Site NGR Service Ch/Pol/ERP (kW)
Abergavenny SO 244 126 BBC1 Wales B3 H 0.03
Aldeburgh[2] TM 442 596 BBC1 East B5 V 0.025
Ammanford[3] MN 661 109 BBC1 Wales B12 H 0.02
Ashkirk NT 470 244 BBC1 Scotland B1 V 18
Ayr NS 309 171 BBC1 Scotland B2 H 0.05
Ballachulish NN 059 593 BBC1 Scotland B2 V 0.1
Ballater[3] NO 379 954 BBC1 Scotland B1 V 0.01
Ballycastle D 077 423 BBC1 Northern Ireland B4 H 0.05
Barnstaple[1] SS 519 298 BBC1 West B3 H 0.2
Bath ST 769 654 BBC1 West B6 H 0.25
Bedford[3] TL 130 481 BBC1 East B10 H 3
Belmont[2] TF 217 837 BBC1 North B13 V 20
Betws-y-Coed SH 825 582 BBC1 Wales B4 H 0.035
Bexhill[3] TQ 729 103 BBC1 London & SE B3 H 0.15
Blaen Plwyf SM 569 756 BBC1 Wales B3 H 3
Bodmin[3] SX 071 674 BBC1 South West B5 H 0.01
Bressay HU 503 387 BBC1 Scotland B3 V 6
Brougher Mountain H 350 527 BBC1 Northern Ireland B5 V 7
Bude[3] SS 233 069 BBC1 South West B4 V 0.1
Cambridge[1] TL 465 593 BBC1 East B2 H 0.1
Campbeltown NR 707 192 BBC1 Scotland B5 V 0.25
Canterbury[3] TR 125 596 BBC1 London & SE B5 V 0.03
Cardigan[3] SN 154 441 BBC1 Wales B2 H 0.45
Carmarthen SN 412 213 BBC1 Wales B1 V 0.02
Churchdown Hill SO 880 188 BBC1 Midlands B1 H 0.25
Crystal Palace TQ 339 712 BBC1 London & SE B1 V 100
Divis J 286 750 BBC1 Northern Ireland B1 H 35
Dolgellau SH 727 185 BBC1 Wales B3 V 0.025
Douglas (IOM) SC 373 746 BBC1 North West B5 V 3
Dundee Law NO 391 313 BBC1 Scotland B2 V 0.01
Eastbourne[1][3] TQ 582 021 BBC1 London & SE B5 V 0.05
Ffestiniog[2] SH 709 392 BBC1 Wales B5 H 0.05
Folkestone[3] TR 229 382 BBC1 London & SE B4 H 0.04
Forfar NO 483 409 BBC1 Scotland B5 V 5
Fort William NN 118 771 BBC1 Scotland B5 H 1.5
Girvan NX 211 981 BBC1 Scotland B4 V 0.02
Grantown NJ 003 267 BBC1 Scotland B1 H 0.4
Hastings[2] TQ 806 100 BBC1 London & SE B4 H 0.015
Haverfordwest SN 029 262 BBC1 Wales B4 H 10
Hereford SO 524 365 BBC1 Midlands B2 H 0.05
Holme Moss SE 095 041 BBC1 North B2 V 100
Holyhead[3] SH 223 825 BBC1 Wales B4 H 0.01
Hungerford[3] SU 336 713 BBC1 London & SE B4 H 0.025
Isles of Scilly SV 911 124 BBC1 South West B3 H 0.02
Kendal ST 540 912 BBC1 North West B1 H 0.025
Kilkeel J 281 180 BBC1 Northern Ireland B3 H 0.025
Kilvey Hill SS 672 940 BBC1 Wales B2 H 0.5
Kingussie NN 769 985 BBC1 Scotland B5 H 0.035
Kinlochleven NN 178 630 BBC1 Scotland B1 V 0.005
Kirk o'Shotts NS 858 638 BBC1 Scotland B3 V 100
Larne D 395 037 BBC1 Northern Ireland B3 H 0.05
Les Platons 49N49, 02W06 BBC1 South West B4 H 1
Llandona SH 583 810 BBC1 Wales B1 V 6
Llandrindod Wells[2] SO 018 634 BBC1 Wales B1 H 1.5
Llanelli SN 510 023 BBC1 Wales B3 V 0.015
Llangollen SJ 204 421 BBC1 Wales B1 H 0.035
Llanidloes SN 947 843 BBC1 Wales B13 H 0.02
Lochgilphead NR 846 861 BBC1 Scotland B1 V 0.02
Londonderry[2] C 405 176 BBC1 Northern Ireland B2 H 1.5
Machynlleth SH 723 003 BBC1 Wales B5 H 0.05
Maddybenny More C 847 376 BBC1 Northern Ireland B5 H 0.02
Manningtree[3] TM 123 295 BBC1 East B4 H 5
Marlborough SU 209 688 BBC1 West B7 H 0.025
Meldrum NJ 761 330 BBC1 Scotland B4 H 17
Melvaig NG 757 900 BBC1 Scotland B4 V 25
Millburn Muir NS 378 796 BBC1 Scotland B1 V 0.01
Moel-y-Parc SJ 123 701 BBC1 Wales B6 V 20
Morecambe Bay SD 239 791 BBC1 North West B3 H 5
Newhaven TQ 435 006 BBC1 London & SE B8 V 0.05
Newry J 091 221 BBC1 Northern Ireland B4 V 0.03
Northampton SP 759 645 BBC1 Midlands B3 V 0.1
North Hessary Tor SX 578 742 BBC1 South West B2 V 15
Oban NM 850 290 BBC1 Scotland B4 V 3
Okehampton SX 586 967 BBC1 South West B4 V 0.04
Orkney HY 462 045 BBC1 Scotland B5 V 15
Oxford[2] SP 567 104 BBC1 London & SE B2 H 0.65
Penifiler NG 489 417 BBC1 Scotland B1 H 0.025
Perth[1] NO 131 232 BBC1 Scotland B4 V 0.025
Peterborough TL 127 913 BBC1 East B5 H 1
Pitlochry NN 923 565 BBC1 Scotland B1 H 0.2
Pontop Pike NZ 148 526 BBC1 North East B5 H 17
Port Ellen NR 338 452 BBC1 Scotland B2 V 0.05
Redruth[1][2] SW 690 394 BBC1 South West B1 H 10
Richmond[3] NZ 168 017 BBC1 North East B3 V 0.045
Rosemarkie NH 762 623 BBC1 Scotland B2 H 20
Rosneath NS 258 811 BBC1 Scotland B2 V 0.02
Rowridge SZ 447 865 BBC1 South B3 V 100
Rye TQ 904 198 BBC1 London & SE B3 H 0.05
Sandale NY 266 398 BBC1 North East
BBC1 Scotland
B4 H 30
B6 H 70
Scarborough TA 009 880 BBC1 North B1 H 0.5
Sheffield SK 324 870 BBC1 North B1 H 0.05
Sidmouth SY 136 879 BBC1 B4 H 0.03
Skriaig NG 449 408 BBC1 Scotland B3 H 12
Sutton Coldfield SK 113 003 BBC1 Midlands B4 V 100
Swindon SU 159 825 BBC1 West B3 H 0.2
Swingate (Dover) TR 334 429 BBC1 London & SE B2 V 1.5
Tacolneston TM 131 958 BBC1 East B3 H 45
Thrumster ND 344 456 BBC1 Scotland B1 V 7
Toward NS 124 684 BBC1 Scotland B5 V 0.25
Ventnor SZ 567 783 BBC1 South B5 H 0.01
Weardale NZ 025 384 BBC1 North East B1 H 0.15
Wensleydale SD 992 907 BBC1 North B1 V 0.02
Wenvoe ST 110 742 BBC1 Wales
BBC1 West
B13 V 200
B5 V 100
Weymouth SY 663 778 BBC1 South B1 H 0.05
Whitby[2] NZ 904 113 BBC1 North East B4 V 0.04
Whitehawk Hill (Brighton) TQ 330 045 BBC1 South B2 V 0.4
Windemere[4] SD 383 980    
Winter Hill SD 660 144 BBC1 North West B12 V 125[5]

Notes:

In addition to the above, Alexandra Palace, (1936-1939 and 1946-1956) radiated on channel B1 V in double sideband mode. In 1956 transmissions were transferred to Crystal Palace, also on channel B1 V, in vestigial upper sideband/full lower sideband mode, as used on all System A transmitters since. Alexandra Palace is now used for vhf stereo fm radio and uhf DVB-T radio and television services. (NGR TQ 297 901)

[1] A nearby site with the same name is also used for broadcast services.

[2] The ITA/IBA list places this site in an adjacent 100m square.

[3] This site carried only 405-line television services and has not been re-used for broadcasting.

[4] Windemere is listed in the BBC index as a vhf radio, 405 tv and 625 tv site in several editions, but it is not mentioned in the actual 405-line transmitter section of any of them, nor is it listed in the EBU Transmitter List No 17, March 1972.

[5] This max ERP figure of 125kW is quoted in three independent lists - Belling & Lee 1967, EBU 1972 and BBC 1981, but the experience of aerial riggers in the service area is that fields strengths obtained were far lower than those of the ITA B9V 100kW array. The pdf file BBC Technical Report No RA-2/1 (1967/4) on the BBC's R&D website quotes a mean ERP of 35kW with major lobes to NW and NE and a minor lobe just south of east at the start of service on 25 March 1966.



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ITA/IBA Services:

BBC-owned sites are shown in italic type
ITA/IBA-owned sites are shown in roman type

Source: IBA Transmitting Stations, A Pocket Guide, May 1981

Channels B6-B13 are in Band III (174-216MHz).
Details on the Radio Channels page.

Site NGR Service Ch/Pol/ERP (kW)
Abergavenny SO 244 126 HTV Wales & West B11 H 0.1
Angus[2] NO 394 407 Grampian Television B11 V 50
Arfon SH 476 493 HTV Wales B10 H 10
Aviemore NH 940 126 Grampian Television B10 H 1
Bala SH 969 375 HTV Wales B7 V 0.1
Ballycastle D 077 423 Ulster Television B13 H 0.1
Bath ST 769 654 HTV Wales & West B8 H 0.5
Belmont[2] TF 218 836 Yorkshire Television B7 V 20
Black Hill NS 828 647 Scottish Television B10 V 300
Black Mountain J 278 727 Ulster Television B9 H 100
Brecon[1] SO 054 287 HTV Wales & West B8 H 0.1
Burnhope NZ 184 474 Tyne Tees Television B8 H 100
Caldbeck NY 299 425 Border Television B11 H 100
Caradon Hill SX 273 707 Westward Television B12 V 200
Chillerton Down SZ 475 835 Southern Television B11 V 100
Croydon TQ 332 696 Thames Television
London Weekend Television
B9 V 350
Dover[2] TR 274 397 Southern Television B10 V 100
Durris[2] NO 763 899 Grampian Television B9 H 400
Emley Moor SE 222 128 Yorkshire Television B10 V 100
Ffestiniog[2] SH 709 391 HTV Wales B13 V 0.1
Fremont Point 49N15, 02W08 Channel Television B9 H 10
Huntshaw Cross[2] SS 527 220 Westward Television B11 H 0.5
Lethanhill[2] NS 438 106 Scottish Television B12 V 3
Lichfield SK 164 043 ATV B8 V 100
Llandovery[3] SN 831 405 HTV Wales B11 H 0.1
Llandrindod Wells[2] SO 019 635 HTV Wales B9 H 3
Membury[3] SU 307 763 ATV B12 H 30
Mendlesham[3] TM 122 641 Anglia Television B11 H 200
Moel-y-Parc SJ 123 701 HTV Wales B11 V 25
Mounteagle NH 639 580 Grampian Television B12 H 50
Newhaven TQ 435 006 Southern Television B6 V 1
Presely SN 172 306 HTV Wales B8 H 100
Richmond Hill SC 335 748 Border Television B8 H 10
Ridge Hill SO 630 333 ATV B6 V 10
Rosneath NS 258 811 Scottish Television B13 V 0.1
Rothesay[2] NS 125 690 Scottish Television B8 V 1
Rumster Forest ND 197 385 Grampian Television B8 V 30
St Hilary ST 026 741 HTV Wales
HTV Wales & West
B7 V 100
B10 V 55
Sandy Heath TL 204 494 Anglia Television B6 H 30
Scarborough TA 009 880 Yorkshire Television B6 H 1
Selkirk NT 500 294 Border Television B13 V 25
Sheffield SK 324 870 Yorkshire Television B6 H 0.1
Stockland Hill ST 222 014 Westward Television B9 V 100
Strabane H 393 947 Ulster Television B8 V 100
Whitehaven[1] NX 992 123 Border Television B7 V 0.1
Winter Hill SD 660 144 Granada Television B9 V 100

Notes:

[1] A nearby site with the same name is also used for broadcast services.

[2] The BBC list places this site in an adjacent 100m square.

[3] This site carried only 405-line television services and has not been re-used for broadcasting.



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Compiled by Alan Pemberton
Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England